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中小学幼儿园应急疏散演练指南
河南省教育厅 教基一〔2014〕154号
2014年02月22日 2014年02月22日

中小学幼儿园应急疏散演练指南

澳洲幸运10  weijiaqiangduizhongxiaoxueyoueryuan(yixiajianchengxuexiao)yingjishusanyanliangongzuodezhidao,tishengxuexiaoyingjishusanyanliandezuzhiheguanlishuiping,qianghuashishenganquanyishiheyingjibixiannengli,peiyangxueshengzhongshenshouyideanquansuyang,tezhidingbenzhinan。

  yi、bianzhiyiju

澳洲幸运10  《zhonghuarenmingongheguotufashijianyingduifa》《guojiatufagonggongshijianzongtiyingjiyuan》《guowuyuanshengchananquanshigubaogaoyudiaochachulitiaoli》《jiaoyuxitongtufagonggongshijianyingjiyuan》《zhongxiaoxuegonggonganquanjiaoyuzhidaogangyao》《zhongxiaoxueyoueryuananquanguanlibanfa》《xueshengshanghaishiguchulibanfa》dengfalvfagui。

  er、mudeyiyi

  benzhinanlizuyutishengyingjishusanyanliandeshijixiaoguo,mingqueyingjishusanyanliandeshiyongfanwei、jibenyuanze,hangaiyanliandezhunbeijieduan、shishijieduan、zongjiejieduandengquanguocheng,gongxuexiaozairichanganquanguanlihejizhongzuzhiyingjishusanyanlianshicankao。tongguoshizhanxingyingjishusanyanlian,jinyibuzengqiangshishenganquanyishi,tigaotaoshengzijiunengli,zaifashengjinjiqingkuangshi,nengyouxu、xunsudianquanshusan,quebaoshishengdeshengminganquan。

  san、shiyongfanwei

  benzhinanduiyanliandegegehuanjie、buzhoutichulemingquedezhidaoxingyijianheguifanxingyaoqiu,shiyongyuquanguoputongzhongxiaoxueyoueryuanzaikaizhanzhenduidizhen、huozai、xiaocheshigudengdeyingjishusanyanlianshicankao。

  si、jibenyuanze

  (yi)jingxinzhunbei,kexuezuzhi。xuexiaoyaoquebaocanyanshishengdeshengminganquan,yanfangyongjicaitashigufasheng。yaotiqianmouhua,tichuyuanjizaozuohaoxiangguanzhunbeigongzuo,jinliangbikaiyuxuedengelietianqi,zaibaozhenganquandeqiantixia,tongguokexue、helidezuzhi,baozhengshusanyanlianjianquanyouxuyouyouxiaokuaisu。

  (er)zheyanshizhan,zhuzhongxijie。yanlianyaolizuyumonijinjishijianfashengshidezhenshiqingjing,yaozheyanyutigaoxuexiaoyingjizhihuirenyuandezhihuixiediaonengli、gebumendeyingjichuzhinengliheshishengdeyingjibixian、zijiuhujiunengli。xuexiaoyaozhidingkexuehelideyanlianfanganbingjiangqixihua、luoshidaoyanliandegegehuanjie,baozhangyanliandezhengtizuzhijimeigehuanjiekexueheli。

澳洲幸运10  (san)mingquemubiao,xunxujianjin。dizhen、huozaidengzaihailiujirenmendetaoshengshijianshiyouxiande,yibanshi2fenzhongzuoyou,yingjishusanyanlianyingmingquezuizhongdeshijianmubiao,yuanzeshangzhongxuesheng2fenzhongyinei,xiaoxuesheng3fenzhongyineiwancheng。yaocongxuexiaoshijichufa,shedinghelideshijianyaoqiu,tongguojingchangxingdeyanlianzhubutisheng,zuizhongdadaoshedingdemubiao。

澳洲幸运10  (si)lizushiji,wuqiushixiao。yanlianyaojinmijiehexuexiaozishenshiji,mingqueyanliandezhuti,heliquedingyanliandeshijian、didian、canyanrenyuan、xingshi、neirong、guimo、shusanluxianhebaozhangcuoshideng。yaozhongshiduiyanlianxiaoguojizuzhigongzuodepinggu、kaohehezongjie,jishizhenggaicunzaidewenti,wuqiudaodashixiao。

  wu、yanlianzhunbeijieduan

  yanlianzhunbeijieduanyingbaokuo:zhidingyanlianfangan,chengliyanlianzuzhijiegou,yanlianqiananquanjiaoyujiqitazhunbeigongzuo。

  (yi)zhidingyanlianfangan

  yingjishusanyanlianfanganyinggenjuxuexiaozishenxingzhi、diliweizhi、zhoubianhuanjing、jiaozhigonghexueshengrenshu、xiaoyuanneijian(gou)zhuwuleixingheshuliangdengshijiqingkuang,yiju《guojiatufagonggongshijianzongtiyingjiyuan》《jiaoyuxitongtufagonggongshijianyingjiyuan》dengxiangyingyingjiyuanzhiding。

  yanlianfanganyibanyingbaokuoyixianeirong:yanlianzhuti、yanlianmudeyiyi、yanlianshijianhedidian、canyuyanlianrenyuan、yanlianzuzhijiegoujirenyuanfengong、yanlianzhunbeigongzuo、shusanluxian、yanlianliucheng、baozhangcuoshi、shanhouchuzhihexinxibaogaodeng。yanlianfanganyingzuodao:neirongwanzheng、jianjieguifan、zerenmingque、luxiankexue、cuoshijuti、bianyucaozuo。

  xiangguanyaoqiu:

  1.yingjishusanchangsuo:tongchangliyongcaochang、guangchangdengsheliyingjishusanchangsuo,yingtongfengtongchang,xiangduikuankuo。yingjishusanchangsuoyingyuanligaodajian(gou)zhuwu,yujian(gou)zhuwudejuliyingdayuqigaodudesanfenzhiyi;yingbikaiyouduirenshenanquankenengchanshengyingxiangdediduan,ruduqitichufangdi、yiranyibaowuhuohefangshewuchufangdi、gaoyashubiandianxianludengsheshi;bikaidoupodengyifashengdizhizaihaidediduan;shusanchangdiyingyoufangxiangbutongdeliangtiaoyishangyuwaijiexiangtongdeshusandaolu。

  2.yingjishusantongdao:baochishusantongdao、anquanchukouchangtong,jinzhizhanyongshusantongdao;jinzhijianganquanchukouhejiaoshi、shiyanshi、sushedenganquanmenshangsuohuodusai;yingjiangfangjiandelaoshineikaichuanghugaichengwaikaishihuopingyishichuanghu,yilouchuanghudefanghulanyingfuhexiaofangyaoqiu,yingjiqingkuangxiafanghulannengxunsudakai。

澳洲幸运10  3.yingjishusanluxian:genjuxueshengfenbuhejianzhuwujiegou,heliquedinggebanjishusanluxian,helifenliu。yaojianliguifan,xihuacuoshi,baozhangdaliangxueshengzailoudaoxiangyuhuoyiwaiqingkuangfashengdengqingkuangxiabufashengyongdushenzhicaita。shusanluxianyaobimianchuanyuegonglu、jiaotongmijiheyifashengweixiandeluduan。

  4.yingjishusanyongyu:jiaozhigongzaizuzhixueshengbixian、shusandezhenggeguochengzhong,yingshiyongguifan、jianduan、mingquedeshusanyongyu。

  5.yingjijingbaoxinhao:jingbaoxinhaoyingjubeihenqiangdefugaixing、dulixinghechayixing,bingkaolvzaiduandiandengteshuqingkuangxiadebeixuanfangan。fugaixing:jingbaoxinhaonengyouxiaodefugaidaoxuexiaodemeigedidian;dulixing:zaiwufahuobunengjishicaiquguangbodengfuzhushouduandeqingkuangxia,jingbaoxinhaonengdulixiangshishengchuandizhunquexinxi;chayixing:yuxuexiaorichangdelingsheng、guangboshengdengshengyinyaoyousuochayi。bixianxinhaoheshusanxinhaoyeyingyoumingxianqufen。

  6.shusanshijian:congshusanxinhaofachudaoquantishisheng(chushangbingshishengwai)shusanwancheng,yuanzeshangloucengjiaodi(4cengyixia)、anquanchukouheli、tongdaotongchangdexuexiaoyingkongzhizai2fenzhongzhinei。

  7.yingjiyanliancishu:zhongxiaoxuexiaomeiyuezhishaoyaokaizhanyiciyingjishusanyanlian,youeryuanmeijiduzhishaoyaokaizhanyiciyingjishusanyanlian。yingjishusanyanliankeyuxuexiaoshengqi、kejiancao、jitihuodongdengxiangjiehe。zaixiaoshengjiaoduodechengzhenzhongxiaoxue、nongcunjisuzhixuexiaoyaoshidangzengjiayingjishusanyanliandecishu。yingjishusanyanliangongzuojichujiaohaodexuexiaoyaojiaqiangsuijixingyingjishusanyanlian。zaiquebaoanquandejichushang,youzhusuxueshenghewanzixixueshengdexuexiaoyaozhongdianjiaqiangjiucanshijian、wuxiushijianheyejianyingjishusanyanlian。shiyongxiaochedexuexiao,haiyingdingqizuzhixueshengjinxingxiaocheanquanshiguyingjichuliyanlian。kegenjuyanlianneirong,yizu、banhuonianjiweidanweijinxingxiaoguimoyingjiyanlian。

澳洲幸运10  (er)jianliyanlianzuzhijigou

澳洲幸运10  xuexiaoyinggenjuyanlianfangandeyaoqiu,jianlijianquanyanlianzuzhijigou。chengliyouxiaozhang、youguanxiaolingdaojigongzuorenyuanzuchengdeyanlianzhihuibu(lingdaoxiaozu),quanmianfuzeyanlianhuodongdezuzhilingdaohexiediaozhihuigongzuo,tongshiluoshimeiweichengyuanzaiyanlianzhongdejutigongzuo。shezongzhihui、fuzongzhihuijixiangguanchengyuan。

  zhuyaozhize:

澳洲幸运10  1.quanmianfuzeyingjishusanyanliangongzuo。zongzhihuiyaoqinzizuzhi,xianchangzhihui,quebaoyanlianxiaoguo。

  2.zhixingshangjiyouguanzhishihemingling,lingdaoxiaozuchengyuananqisuozaibumendezhineng、zhizegefuqize,renzhenzuohaoyingjishusangongzuo。

澳洲幸运10  3.helihuadingxuexiaojizhoubianyingjishusanchangdi(bixianchangsuo)、shusantongdao,mingqueyingjishusanxinhao,sheliyingjishusanzhishibiaozhi,jiaoyuxueshengshuxihezhangwoyingjishusanfangan。

澳洲幸运10  yanlianzhihuibuyingxiasheruoganxiaozu,mingquezhize,luoshirenyuan。

澳洲幸运10  1.zuzhixiediaozu:fuzeyanlianfangandezhiding;yanlianguochengdexiediaozhihui;xinxideshangchuanxiada、duiwailianxideng。

澳洲幸运10  2.xuanchuanbaodaozu:fuzeanpaiyanlianqiandexuanchuanjiaoyu、yanliandesheying、jilu、jishi、zongjiedeng。

  3.shusanyindaozu:fuzekexuebianzhihezhangtiexuexiaoyingjishusanluxiantu、banjiyingjishusanluxiandeng;yindao、zuzhishishenganquanyouxushusan;bangzhushangbingxueshengshusanbingtuoshananzhi;shusanwanchenghouxiezhuqitagezugongzuo。

澳洲幸运10  4.qiangxianjiuhuzu:fuzediyishijianzuzhishishizijiuhujiu,qiangjiuyuxianshisheng,shiqingkuangqiangjiuzhongyaocaichan、dangandeng;jianchaxueshengshenxinzhuangkuang、jinxinglinshijiuzhihebiyaodexinlishudao;yanlianzhongfashengyiwaishigu,fuzejiangshoushangshishengjinkuaiyunsongdaozhidinganquanquyu,bingxunsulianxijijiuzhongxinhuoboda120,zaizhuanyeyiwurenyuandaodazhiqian,jiuhuzuyingduishoushangshishengcaiqubiyaodejiuzhucuoshi,weijiuzhishangzheyingdeshijian。yufangcishengzaihaifasheng。

澳洲幸运10  5.houqinbaozhangzu:fuzezhianbaoweigongzuo,busheyanlianchangdi,weihuyanlianzhixu,laxiangyanlianjingbao;tongxun、biaoshi、guangbo、jiuzhudengyanliansuoxuwuzizhuangbeidezhunbei;jiancha、huifuxuexiaoshuidian、tongxundenghouqinbaozhangsheshi。

  gexiaozuyingshelifuzeren,tongyixiediaobenzugongzuo。gexiaozuyanlianqianyingchongfenlejiebenxiaozuzhize,bingjiangzhizeluoshidaomeiweichengyuan;yanlianzhonganzhaozhizekaizhangongzuo,zaishusanwanchenghougexiaozufuzerenyingjishixiangzongzhihuijinxingfankui、huibao。xuexiaokeshiyanlianzhutihexuexiaoshijiqingkuangdiaozhengyanlianzuzhijiegou,yibaozhengyanlianzhiliang。

  (san)yanlianqianxuanchuanjiaoyu

澳洲幸运10  xuexiaoyinggenjuyanliandezhuti,zaiyanlianqianyaoyituoxiaoyuanwang、xiaoyuanguangbo、xuanchuanchuchuang、banbaodengchuanbozaiti,tongguozhuantihuiyi、ban、xiaohuidengduozhongtujinghefangshi,xiangquanxiaoshishengxuanjiangshusanyanlianfangan,rangshishengmingqueyanliandebiyaoxinghejibenbuzhou,shuxishusanchengxu、shusanxinhao、shusanluxian、shusanshunxu、shusanhoudejihechangdiheshijianyaoqiudeng。youzhenduixingdezuzhishishengxuexianquanzhishi,zhangwobixian、cheli、shusanhezijiuhujiudefangfa、jineng。

  (si)yanlianqianshishengshentiwenxunjiancha

澳洲幸运10  yanlianqianyaoduishishengshentiqingkuangzuoyiciwenxunjiancha,fanyouteyitizhi(xiantianxingxinzangbing、dianxiandeng)deshisheng,yanlianqianfashao、tuishoushangdengbuyijinxingjinzhanghebenpaohuodongdeshisheng,yaojiyuteshukaolvheanpai。

  (wu)qitazhunbeigongzuo

  1.jiaqiangxiediaoxuanchuangongzuo。yanlianqianxuexiaoyingxiangjiaoyuzhuguanbumenbaogao。genjubutongyanlianzhuti,jiaoyubumen、zhongxiaoxueyaojiaqiangyugongan、jiaoguan、dizhen、xiaofangdengbumendegoutongxiediao,yaoqingzhuanyerenyuandaoxiaozhidao,bangzhuxuexiaowanshanfangan,jiaqiangguochengzhidao。xuexiaokeshiqingkuangtongbaoxiangguanbumenhezhoubiandanwei,bingtongguoguangbo、wangzhan、hengfubiaoyudengfangshi,yugaoyanliandeshijian、didian、neirong,bimianfashengwujie、yaochuanhekonghuang,baozhengyanliananquanshunlijinxing。

澳洲幸运10  2.yinzhiyanlianxiangguanwenjian。baokuoyanlianfangan、yanlianrenyuanshouce、yanlianjiaobendeng;zhuoqingpeibeixuyaodezhuangbeiqicai,ru:xiongguashiyingjigongzuozhenghezhihuiyuan、anquanshudaoyuanbiaozhi,shoudian、yingjideng、koushao、duijiangji、shouchikuoyinqi、yiliaojijiuxiang、miehuoqicai、jingjiexiandeng。

  3.zhangtieshusanxianlutuhezhishibiaozhi。zaimeigejiaoshi、sushe、bangongshineihuomenhouzhangtieyingjishusanshiyitu,zaijiaoxuelou、sushelou、bangonglou、shiyanloudengchangsuoshudaotongdaodeshidangweizhizhangtieyingjishusanshiyituhedaodabixianchangdezhishibiaoshi,bixianchangsuoyingshezhibiaoyouwenzishuomingdezhishibiaoshi、pingmiantuheshusanshiyitu。zhishibiaoshi、pingmiantuheshusanshiyituyingdangqingxiwanzheng、jianjieguifan、meiguandafang。

  4.zhunbeiyanlianqicai。yanlianqianhouqinbaozhangzuyaotichuyanlianjingfeishenqingjihua,genjuxuyaogouzhihuozhunbeiyanliansuoxudeyanwufashengqi、jingbaoqi、changdibiaozhidengwupin。

  liu、yanlianshishijieduan

  yanlianshishibaokuobixiankemu、shusankemu。yibanqingkuangxia,fangzhenshusanyanlianyicishishibixiankemu、shusankemu;xiaofangshusanyanlianzhijieshishishusankemu;qitayingjishusanyanlianyingjieheshijijinxingjutianpai。xuexiaokegenjushiji,zhuoqingzengjiahuoqianghuayiliaojiuhu、weishengfangyi、renyuansoujiu、zhianweihu、huozaichuzhi、weihuapinchuzhidengkemujineirong。

  (yi)bixiankemu

  1.zongzhihuixuanbuyanliankaishi,guangboxiangqi:“xianzaidizhenlaixi,shishijinjibixian”,tongshibixianjingbaoxinhao(dianlingsheng、jingbaosheng、shaoshengdeng)xiangqi,zhangming60miao。

澳洲幸运10  2.tingdaoxinhaohou,zaijiaoshi、shiyanshi、sushedejiaozhigongyingdiyishijiantongzhixueshengdizhenlaixi,jinxingbizhen。zaishiyanshidengdidiandejiaozhigongyingxunsuguanbihuoyuan、dianyuan、qiyuandeng,chulihaoyiran、yibao、yiqihuaxuefanyingdewupindeng。

澳洲幸运10  3.shishengbixianyaoqiu:baochizhenjing,tounaoqingxing;jiujindunhuotangzaikezhuo、shiyantai、chuangpudepangbianhuochengzhongqiangdeqianggen、qiangjiao;yongshouhuoqitarouruanwupindengbaohuhaotoubu,jinliangquanqushenti,jiangdishentizhongxin,suoxiaomianji,buyaokaojinchuangkou,bikaidengshan,bimianbeiza;shiqingkuangjiujinguanbihuoyuan、dianyuandeng。bixiandongzuoyuanzeshangzai12miaoneiwancheng。

  (er)shusankemu

  1.huozaifashenghouhuozhedizhenzantinghou,xuyaojinxingshusanshi,guangboxiangqi:“xianzaifashenghuozai(xianzaijinjibixianjieshu),quantishishenglijishusan”,tongshi,shusanjingbaoxinhao(dianlingsheng、jingbaosheng、shaoshengdeng)zhangming,zhangming60miao,ting30miao,fanfuliangbianweiyigezhouqi,shijiangong3fenzhong。

  2.zaijiaoshi、shiyanshi、sushedengdidiandejiaozhigonglijigaozhixuesheng“anzhaoshusanluxian,kuaisushusan”,zuzhixueshengcongqianhoumenyouxujinxingshusan,bingqiegenjujiaoshi、shiyanshi、sushedengdeweizhi,anzhaobutonglouceng,jiujincongshusanloutixiangxiashusan。

  3.xueshenglijixiangbixianchangsuoshusan,yaoqiu:chenzhelengjing,fucongzhihui;suoyouxueshengyingzuodaokuaisu、maoyao、hutou、yanbi(yudaonongyanshi,keliyongyifu、maojinhuozheqitakeliyongdedongxiwuzhukoubi,bingjinliangjiangdixingzouzishi,yimianyanqijinruhuxidao。ruguoyanqitebienongershirengandaohuxikunnan,ketiejinqiangbianpaxing,yinweijindichuwangwangcanliuqingxinkongqi);buyongji,butuisangtaren,buqihong,bugaoshengxuanhua,buzhengxiankonghou,bulashoudajian,buxixidanao,buwanyaoshiwu,buniliuerxing;zaiyongjiderenqunzhong,zhuyishuangzhouchengkaipingfangxiongqian,xingchengyidingkongjianbaozhenghuxi;dangfaxianzijiqianmianyourenshuaidaole,mashangyaotingxiajiaobu,tongshidashenghujiu,gaozhihoumianderenbuyaoxiangqiankaojin;dangzijishuaidaoshi,yingjinkuaipaqi;dangbeicaitashi,yaoliangshoushizhijiaochaxiangkou、huzhuhounaohejingbu,liangzhouxiangqian,huzhushuangcetaiyangxue,shuangxijinliangqianqu,huzhuxiongqianghefuqiangdezhongyaozangqi。

  4.zhonggaocengloufangxiaofangshusantaoshengdeyouguanyaoqiu:zai7cengyishangzhonggaocengjianzhuwujinxingxiaofangshusanshi,yanjinchengzuoputongdianti(youtiaojiandekeyichengzuoxiaofangdianti)huotiaoloutaosheng;chuzai10louyixiadexueshengkeshiqingkuangliyongloutidaozoulangxiangxiataosheng;12louyishangdexuesheng,keshiqingkuangyongshimaojinwuzhukoubihouxiangtiantaibenpaohuojinkuaixunzhaoyangtaidenganquandedifangduobi,dengdaizhuanyerenyuandejiuyuan。youtiaojiandexuexiaokezibeigaokonghuanjiangqihuojiushengsheng,xueshengkeyitongguozheixiesheshilikaiweixianlouceng,yekeyongshenbiandeshengsuo、chuangdan、chuanglian、yifuzizhijianyijiushengsheng,bingyongshuidashi,congchuangtaihuoyangtaiyanshenghuanhuadaoxiamianlouceng,congertaoliqihuoceng。

澳洲幸运10  5.shusanyindaozuzaidiyishijiangandaozhidingweizhi(loutikou、zhuanjiaochu、loumenkoudeng)yindaoshusan,zhihuixueshengbaochizhixu,kongzhisudu,zhucishusan。tongshishishijiqingkuangkehan“dajiazhuyijiaoxia,fangzhihuadao;baochizhixu,buyaoyongji;zhuyibaohutoubu,xiaoxinzhuiwu;yourenshuaidaole,dajiaxiaoxin;buyaoxianghuipao、buyaojiandongxi”dengtishiyu。bangzhuyoukunnanderenyuanshusan。ruchuxianyongjishuaidaodengtufaqingkuang,fuzeshusanyindaodelaoshiyinglijixiangzhihuibubaogao,dengxianqingpaichuhou,zaizuzhixueshengyouxuchechu。daixueshengshusanwanbihou,fangkecheli。

澳洲幸运10  zuzhixiediaozuzuohaoyanlianzhihui、xiediaodenggongzuo;xuanchuanbaodaozuzuohaoyanliandejilu(shexiang、sheyingdeng)hejishidenggongzuo;houqinbaozhangzuzuohaobaojingdenggongzuo;qiangxianjiuhuzuzuohaoshangyuanjiuzhidenggongzuo。

  6.xueshengshusandaobixianchangsuohou,yinganzhaobanjixingchengduiliezaizhidingweizhizhanhao,bimianhunluan。banzhurenhuofuzetongjiderenyuanjinxingbanji、nianjirenyuantongji;qiangxianjiuhuzujianchaxueshengshenti、xinlizhuangkuang,jinxinglinshijiuzhi、xinlishudao;houqinbaozhangzujianchaxuexiaogexiangsheshi、wuzideng。wanchenghou,gexiaozufuzerenjishixiangzongzhihuibaogao,binggenjuzongzhihuidezhilingcaiquxiayibuxingdong。

澳洲幸运10  7.zongzhihuixuanbuyanlianjieshu。

  qi、yanlianzongjiejieduan

  (yi)zongzhihuiduiyanlianjinxingxianchangzongjiejiangping,neirongzhuyaobaokuoyanlianzuzhiqingkuang,yanlianmubiaojixiaoguo,yanlianzhongbaoludewentijijiejuebanfadeng。

  (er)jieheyanliandezhutihemude,keshidangkaizhanxiangyingdeanquanjiaoyu。

  (san)duiyanlianchangdijinxingqinglihuifu,huishouzhengliyanlianwuzizhuangbei。

  (si)duiyanlianjinxingzongjiepinggu,gebumenheyouguanrenyuantongguofangtan、tianxiepingjiabiao、tijiaobaogaodengfangshi,jinxingzongjiepinggu。youtiaojiandexuexiaokejianlidulipingjiajizhi,pinqingxiangguanrenyuanweizhenggeyanlianjinxingceping。

  (wu)jiangyanlianwenzijishipinziliaojinxingzhengli、baocun。